UNEDUCATED WOMEN ARE THE MOST AFFECTED DURING A DISASTER

UNEDUCATED WOMEN ARE THE MOST AFFECTED DURING A DISASTER

“The correlation between female education and disasters”

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A lot of women are still not regarded with the respect and admiration they deserve, some regions don’t believe women should be in power, they don’t believe women should go to school or make any decisions regarding their own lives and that of their community. Because of this, they leave the women vulnerable when disaster of any sort happen. Not educating women leaves them at a great disadvantage when anything happens and my research will support just that. I will be using reliable sources and statistics gotten from several articles. They are all cited below.

Why does this happen?

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies explains that; for biological and physiological reasons, but also because of socioeconomic and power inequalities, women tend to be more vulnerable than men to the effects of disasters. They tend to have higher mortality rates, particularly in countries where they are disadvantaged economically and socially. According to the Washington Post; there are political reasons also involved, British colonial officers often used the tropes of the ‘uneducated Muslim’ and ‘secluded Muslim woman’ to legitimize their authority and establish the superiority of their cultural values also girls’ education – or, lack thereof – thus, has become a way in which Western institutions have established their own superiority and, simultaneously, the inferiority of Islam and Muslims, deeming interventions necessary and even ethically imperative. In Oxafam; Due to the gendered, unequal roles of women and men, disasters and crises impact women, men, girls and boys differently. Disaster mortality rates are higher for women than for men; 1 after the 2004 Asian tsunami, in many villages in Indonesia, and in parts of India, females accounted for over 70 per cent of the dead.2 A study of 141 countries found that more women than men are killed during disasters; particularly in poor communities and at an earlier age.

Data proving my claim: In the data below, you can see that in every country cited the amount of uneducated women in comparison to the men is really high and because of this their maternal mortality rate is very high as well as the number of girls who got married by the age of 18 and some even less. This is due to the low education they have access to. The correlation is visible in the table below.

Countries Year(s) Total Percentage of Educated Females Maternal Mortality Rate 2010 Married by 18
Afghanistan 2011 32 18 584 33
Albania 2011 97 96 30 10
Algeria 2006 73 64 147 3
Angola 2013 71 60 58
Antigua and Barbuda 2013 99 99 33
Argentina 2013 98 98 6
Armenia 2011 100 100 4
Australia   27 7
Austria   85
Azerbaijan 2010 100 100 16
Bahamas   242 11
Bahrain 2010 95 92 33
Bangladesh 2013 60 56 5
Barbados   8 52
Belarus 2009 100 99 37 11
Belgium   446 3
Belize   204
Benin 2006 29 18 253 26
Bhutan 2005 53 39 13 3

Testing my Hypothesis: 

STATA: this is a statistical software to organize the data. I used to support my claim and show the correlation between my dependent and independent variable. Below is the regression equation as well as regression table:

Key words:

DV: Dependent Variable – Maternal Mortality Rate

IV: Independent Variable – Percentage of Educated Females

COEF: Coefficient

CONS: Constant

Regression equation:

DV=IV x COEF + CONS

DV (Percentage of Educated) = Maternal Mortality Rates x .406056 + 170.1405

DV (Percentage of Educated) = 2742427.89 x .406056 + 170.1405 = 1,113,749.4398018

Regression Table:

stataAccording to this data:

Coefficients are the values for the regression equation for predicting the dependent variable from the independent variable. The coefficient (.406056) explains that when my mortality rate increases by one point, my percent educated increases by .406. 

Sources for my data:

  1. Drive, John Smith. Gender Issues in Conflict and Humanitarian Action. Oxford: Oxfam, 2013. OXFAM. Oxfam GB for Oxfam International, Nov. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.
  2. “Gender-Based Violence.” SpringerReference (n.d.): n. pag. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. SpringerReference. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.
  3. Khoja-Moolji, Shenila. “Girls’ Education: An Ideal Target for Both Extremists and Humanitarian Interventions, Scholar Says.” The Washington Post. WP Company, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.
  4. “UNICEF DATA.” Education Is Vital to Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.

 

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